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                           Internet Security Tips 
This Week Top 10 Phishing Scams  

  • 1. Email claiming to be from the "Energy Billing System" that your latest bill is available online and can be viewed with just one click. Of course the amount is sky-high so they want you to prevent a negative consequence.
  • 2. Phishing email supposedly from Microsoft and you need to click a one-time automatic verification so that your account will not be suspended. STOP - LOOK - THINK before you click.
  • 3. Scam email about a "Shocking Accident Roller Coaster Video" on Facebook. The carriage and its passengers have come off the track. Yeah, sure.
  • 4. A phishing email purporting to be a notification about an incoming payroll related fax. It claims with just one click you can see the payroll. If you click your PC gets infected with malware.
  • 5. Bogus email from "your landlord" that claims your rent is late and you need to pay within 10 days or face court proceedings. It's a hoax and if you download the .zip file and open it, your PC will be infected.
  • 6. Email claiming to be from a Court Secretary, announcing your complaint has been received, and urges you to click on a link and confirm your complaint. Nobody wants to be in court so do not let them scare you.
  • 7. Email from a bank that claims you must click on a link to upgrade to a new security system to give you maximum protection. Not so!
  • 8. Phishing email claiming to be from Evernote, that states an image has been sent and invites you to click to view it. They play on your curiosity so do not fall for it.
  • 9. Eviction Notice scam. This claims that you have been evicted and must vacate your house premises within a specified time frame or risk further legal proceedings. You are instructed to open an attached file for more information. But if you open it, your PC gets infected.
  • 10. Facebook message claiming Vin Diesel has died and invites you to click a link to see the video why he died. Vin is alive and kicking thank you very much. This is just another one of those celebrity death scams. Do not fall for them.
    Know the website you are visiting 
  • Ensure that the website you are visiting is the correct website. Hackers can create a site that looks very similar to a legitimate                site. If you use Microsoft® Internet Explorer®, one sign of trustworthiness is if the address bar is green. Additionally, if you are visiting a website, it is best to type in the Web address yourself. Links in email messages, text messages, instant messages, or pop-up ads can take you to websites that look legitimate but are not.
  • Watch out for scams 
  • It is important to be vigilant and watch out for scams. Be wary of emails that contain information on deals that sound too
  •             good  to be true, contain alerts about your bank account, etc. These emails could easily be the work of cyber criminals looking                
                 to collect your financial data. 
    Conduct financial transactions at home 
  • Never pay bills, bank, shop, or do other financial business on a public or shared computer or on devices that are on public wireless networks, such as laptops or cell phones.  The security it unreliable.
  • Create Secure Passwords 
  • Passwords should have at least eight characters and include uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols.
  • Avoid words and proper names, regardless of language.  Hackers use programs that try every word in the dictionary.
  • Don’t use personal information – names, birthdays, etc., that someone might already know or easily obtain
  • Change passwords regularly – at least every 60 days.  If you believe your system or an online account you access has
  •              been compromised, change your passwords immediately. 
  • Use different passwords for each account you have.
  • Make sure your work passwords are different from your personal passwords.
  • Protect Your Passwords 
  • Do not write down your passwords.  If you need to remember your passwords, write down a hint to a password, but
  •              never the password itself.  Store the hint in a safe place away from your computer. 
  • Do not share your passwords with anyone – attackers may try to trick you via telephone calls or email messages into
  •             sharing your password. 
  • Do not reveal your password on surveys, questionnaires, or security forms.
  • Decline the “Remember Password” feature in Web browsers.
  • Always remember to log out when using a public computer.
  • If you need a utility to store your passwords, an “electronic vault” may be a viable option.  When deciding which password manager/electronic vault to use, look for programs that use powerful encryption algorithms, key logger and phishing protection, and lock-out features.

    Resources for More Information 
    US-CERT – Choosing and Protecting Passwords: 
    US-CERT – Supplementing Passwords: 
    Purdue University – Password Manager Software: 
    Microsoft®:  Create Strong Passwords: 
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